01. Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) Regulations
02. Sport Pilot License (SPL)
03. SkyRunner: The Company
04. SkyRunner: The Aircraft/All-terrain Vehicle
05. Land Operations
06. Power Plant
09. FAA Approval
11. Service and Support
12. Flight Training Programs
13. International Operations
14. Dealer Opportunities
01. Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) Regulations
History of Light Sport Aircraft: July 20, 2004, FAA Administrator Marion Blakey officially unveiled the long-awaited Sport Pilot and Light Sport Aircraft rule that allows many pilots to fly light sport aircraft with a valid driver’s license in lieu of a medical certificate and creates new, less-expensive ways to become a pilot.
The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) and DOT (Department of Transportation) made three (3) major changes to the regulation of consumer and recreational flying:
- Created the Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) category for lightweight, simple and easy-to-fly recreational aircraft. LSA are intended to be safe, affordable, and more accessible than traditional transportation category aircraft.
- Created the Sport Pilot License (SPL) to complement the new LSA category. An SPL requires half the time and cost of a traditional transportation-focused Private Pilot License.
- Created two new Light Sport Aircraft Maintenance Certifications that enable more accessible and affordable maintenance for LSA.
These three regulatory changes safely open up aviation to a much broader consumer market.
The FAA defines an LSA as any aircraft that can meet the following performance criteria:
- Two occupants maximum
- Max Take Off Weight: 1,320 lb.
- Single engine (non-turbine)
- 138mph (120 knots) max level flight speed
- 45 kts max stall speed
- Fixed landing gear (retractable allowed for seaplanes)
Exemptions for SkyRunner: # 15422A pursuant the authority contained in 49 U.S.C. 40113, and 44701
SkyRunner is granted an exemption from:
- 14 CFR 21.181(a)(3)(i), 21.190(a), and 21.191(i)(3)
to allow the SkyRunner MK 3.2 a Max Take Off Weight of 1,800 pounds to be eligible for issuance of a special airworthiness certificate in the light sport category.
- 61.89(c)(1), 61.303(a) and 61.315(a)
On behalf of persons exercising the privilege of a student pilot seeking a sports pilot certificate to permit those persons to operate the SkyRunner MK 3.2 and permit flight time obtained to be considered flight time obtained in a light sport aircraft.
- 61.411(g), 61415(a) and 61.429(b)
On behalf of persons exercising the privileges of flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating to permit these persons to provide flight training in the SkyRunner MK 3.2.
- 43.3(c), 43.7(g), and 65.107(b) and (c) on behalf of holders of sport pilot certificate
Can a Private Pilot fly an LSA?
Yes. Anyone holding a Sport Pilot License or higher can fly a Light Sport Aircraft.
Are Light Sport Aircraft the same as Ultralight Aircraft?
No. Ultralight aircraft fall under an entirely different category as well as a different set of criteria that originated out of the hang gliding industry many years ago. The primary difference is that the maximum empty weight of an ultralight aircraft is limited to 254 pounds and may only carry one person. The FAA does not require any training to fly an ultralight. Light Sport Aircraft are larger, faster and more robust aircraft that require at least an FAA Sport Pilot License to fly.
Are Light Sport Aircraft the same as Experimental aircraft?
No. Certain experimental aircraft meet the LSA requirements listed above so they can, in some instances, be considered LSA. Experimental LSA (E-LSA) are primarily homebuilt (usually from kits) whereas Special LSA (S-LSA), like the SkyRunner, are factory built in accordance with industry consensus standards (ASTM).
What is an S-LSA?
S-LSA stands for Special Light Sport Aircraft. S-LSA aircraft are factory built and delivered in a ready-to-fly condition with no assembly required by the owner. The SkyRunner is an S-LSA and will be delivered in ready-to-fly condition. It is not available as a kit.
What is E-LSA?
The primary difference in Experimental Light Sport Aircraft is that anyone can, with appropriate training, perform maintenance and inspections on an E-LSA. This may be a reason to get an E-LSA if you possess the skills and tools necessary to accomplish the work yourself.
Can a Light Sport Aircraft be flown at night?
Yes. The pre-requisite this is that the pilot must be appropriately licensed for night flying and the aircraft is properly equipped for night flight in accordance with FAR Part 91.205 which states the following:
You must possess a private pilot rating for powered parachutes. This is not to be confused with a traditional (single engine) private pilot rating – they are different. The aircraft must also be fitted with the appropriate equipment to facilitate night operations.
02. U.S. Sport Pilot License (SPL)
Can a Private Pilot fly a LSA?
Yes. Anyone holding a Sport Pilot License or higher can fly an LSA aircraft.
All light-sport aircraft (LSA) require an annual condition inspection every year by FAA certified repairman. For E-LSA, you can do this yourself if you take a 16 hour class for your category of aircraft (PPC). If you elect NOT to take the class, then you’ll need to find someone qualified to do this annual inspection, such as:
- An appropriately rated A&P mechanic
- An appropriately rated repair station
- A Light Sport Aircraft repairman with a maintenance rating
- The two FAA LSA repairman certificate ratings are: Inspection and Maintenance.
- Inspection – (16 hour training certificate) rating allows you to conduct the annual condition inspection on your own PPC E-LSA. It requires the successful completion of an FAA accepted 16-hour course for the specific class of LSA.
- Maintenance (104 hour training certificate) rating is a commercial rating allowing the annual condition inspection on the owner’s or others PPC S-LSA and E-LSA. It requires successful completion of a course on the 104 hour course on maintenance requirements.
What are the prerequisites to seek a Sport Pilot License (SPL)?
Four criteria apply:
- Must be at least 17 years of age to take the FAA Practical Test (can begin training at 16)
- Must have a valid state Driver’s License.
- Must be proficient in the English language.
- Requires either a 3rd-class FAA Medical Certificate or a current and valid U.S. Driver’s License as evidence of medical eligibility (provided the individual’s most recent application for an FAA Medical Certificate was not denied, revoked, suspended or withdrawn).
What are the elements of completing the training for a Sport Pilots License?
Three things MUST be completed:
- Complete all required Sport Pilot flight training from an FAA-Certified Flight Instructor
- Pass the FAA written exam.
- Pass an FAA Oral and Practical Examination with and FAA Examiner (AKA – The “Check-ride”)
Do I need an FAA Medical Certificate to become a Sport Pilot?
No. As per FAA regulations, Sport Pilots are required to have the following:
- A minimum of an FAA 3rd Medical Certificate, or
- A valid Driver’s License as evidence of medical fitness. Any limitation on a driver’s license must also be complied with while acting as a Sport Pilot.
Additionally, it is important to note that the SPL is not intended as a workaround to a known medical condition. The FAA prohibits anyone who knows of, or has a reason to know of, a medical condition that would make them unable to operate the aircraft in a safe manner from operating under an SPL. *For further information please visit the FAA’s additional Sport Pilot Medical FAQs.
What are the requirements to obtain a Sport Pilot License (for a Powered Parachute)?
SkyRunner and the FAA are interested in making sure that a pilot has mastery of concept in three primary areas:
- Proficiency in flying a powered parachute
Sport Pilot powered parachute qualifications per the Federal Aviation Regulations, §61.313(g), dictate that in order for you to be able to apply for a sport pilot license in powered parachutes you must:
- Log 12 hours of flight time in a powered parachute
- 10 hours dual flight training
- 2 hours of solo flight training
- 1 hour of cross-country dual flight training
- 1 hour of dual flight training preparing for the practical test within two calendar months before the date of the practical test
- Log 20 takeoffs and landings to a full stop in a powered parachute
- 10 solo takeoffs and landing to a full stop in a powered parachute
- At least one solo flight with a landing at a different airport and one segment of the flight consisting of a straight-line distance of at least 10 nautical miles between takeoff and landing locations
- Proof of preparation for the FAA Knowledge Test in the following areas of study:
- Sport Pilot – Powered Parachute
- Private Pilot – Powered Parachute
FAS Practical Test Standards is the main document to refer to when preparing for the practical exam. However, there are some other references that are great both for study and for bringing to the test. The following resources are recommended by Skyrunner, LLC:
- FAR/AIM (Federal Aviation Regulations/Airman’s Information Manual)
- Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
- Powered Parachute Bible
- Sport Pilot Check Ride Book by Paul Hamilton
What are the advantages to the Sport-Pilot License over a “traditional” Private Pilot License?
The Sport-Pilot License allows new pilots to be safely flying within a recreational environment in a fraction of the time and for half the cost of the transportation-focused Private Pilot training. Once a Sport Pilot begins flying, all of the flight time can be applied to follow-on ratings. A Sport Pilot license can be achieved in as little as 4-5 days and for less than $4000.
What are the limitations of the Sport-Pilot License?
Sport Pilots are limited to the following flight conditions:
- Recreational flying
- Flying in good weather (VFR or Visual Flight Rules)
- Avoiding congested as well as controlled airspace unless you seek additional training and endorsements (i.e. Private Pilot – Powered Parachute).
What is a “Private Pilot” [Powered Parachute] License?
Not to be confused with a traditional 40+ hr. Private Pilot License, the privileges of a Private Pilot PPC are greater than the privileges of a Sport Pilot. However, many of additional certifications are not privileges that you may necessarily use. Before you commit the time and money for the rating, it is good to have a clearly defined reason in mind.
What’s different between the Sport Pilot License and Private Pilot License?
The additional transportation training normally associated with a Private Pilot License is night flying, flying in controlled-airspace and at higher altitudes. Carefully consider this advanced license. Most Private Pilots rarely fly at night nor do most powered parachute pilots opt for extremely high altitudes due to the low temperatures, lower oxygen levels and increased turbulence.
What are there three biggest reasons a Sport Pilot would want to upgrade to a Private Pilot Powered Parachute License?
- Legally fly at night
- Fly higher than 10,000 feet MSL
- Fly without your logbook as your rating will be listed on your pilot certificate.
The requirements to become a Private Pilot for powered parachutes are:
- Possess a current third class medical.
- Pass the Private Pilot Powered Parachute Knowledge Test
- Complete the following flight experience requirements
Log 25 hours of flight time in a powered parachute that includes:
- 10 hours of flight training with an authorized instructor* including
- 30 takeoffs and landings, and
- 10 hours of solo flight training in the areas of operation listed in §61.107 (b)(9)
The training must include at least the following:
- 1 hour of cross-country flight training in a powered parachute that includes a 1-hour cross-country flight with a landing at an airport at least 25 nautical miles from the airport of departure
- 3 hours of night flight training in a powered parachute that includes 10 takeoffs and landings (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport
- 3 hours of flight training in preparation for the practical test in a powered parachute, which must have been performed within the 60-day period preceding the date of the test
- 3 hours of solo flight time in a powered parachute, consisting of at least
- 1 solo cross-country flight with a landing at an airport at least 25 nautical miles from the departure airport
- 20 solo takeoffs and landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in a traffic pattern) at an airport
- At least 3 of the 20 takeoffs and landings must be at an airport with an operating control tower.
- A recommendation from a Certified Flight Instructor who is himself a Powered Parachute Private Pilot.
- You need to get a check ride from a Designated Pilot Examiner (There are only four in the US) authorized to provide check rides for Powered Parachute Private Pilots
Where can Sport Pilot Powered Parachute training be completed?
SkyRunner, LLC will offer its clients Sport Pilot training in Shreveport, La. The SkyRunner Sport Pilot training will be a thorough, rigorous and fun flight program designed specifically for powered parachute operation. Other flight training centers are available throughout the United States and many offer Sport Pilot training. We can assist with sourcing FAA approved Certified Flight Instructors.
What is the altitude limit for a Sport Pilot?
The restricted altitude limit for a Sport Pilot is 10,000 ft. MSL (Mean Sea Level) or 2,000 ft. AGL (Above Ground Level), whichever altitude is higher.
What airspace limitations are there for a Sport Pilot?
A Sport Pilot may not operate in Class A airspace (airspace above 18,000 MSL). A Sport Pilot must have an endorsement to operate in Class B, C, or D airspace. The vast majority of the low altitude U.S. airspace below a few thousand is uncontrolled, virtually un-utilized, and completely open to Sport Pilots.
Can a Sport Pilot fly in IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) conditions?
No. A Sport Pilot must act as Pilot in Command (PIC) in VFR conditions only.
Can a Sport Pilot tow a banner?
No. A Sport Pilot may not tow any object.
If I already have a Private Pilot License with a Single-Engine Land (SEL) rating, do I need a Sport Pilot License or any additional training to fly the SkyRunner?
No. As a licensed Private Pilot, you would not need an additional sport pilot license but we do highly recommend some powered parachute training and experience first. While powered parachutes are simple to operate, very little translates from the experience of flying a fixed wing aircraft to flying a powered parachute.
03. The Company
Who designed and engineered the SkyRunner MK 3.2 (Two passenger version)?
SkyRunner’s current configuration is a product of over six years of military, off-road and pilot input as well as many third party contractors and experts to assist with design, engineering, testing and manufacturing. While all have played an integral role in its design, the two-seat SkyRunner was and is 100% designed, engineered, manufactured and tested in the United States.
Who are SkyRunner’s End Users?
SkyRunner end users are divided into the following 4 groups and 27 sub-groups:
- Recreation: Large land owners, sportsmen, luxury toys and disaster preparedness.
- Government: Local, State & Federal Agencies who need the ability to get in the air and who also require utility vehicles for critical day-to-day tasks.
- Military: Special Operations forces
- One-ups men & Adventurists
- Aviation enthusiasts
- Large landowners
- Disaster preparedness
- Department of Homeland Security
- US Department of Agriculture
- Department of Interior
- Border Protection
- Forest Service
- National Parks Service
- Army Corps
- Fish & Wildlife Service
- Bureau of Land Management
- Police & Fire
- Air Force
- National Guard
What is the size of the Light Sport Aircraft market?
- Light Sport Aviation… is one of the fastest growing and largest segments of the American general aviation market (according to Light Sport America). Aviation is more Affordable and Accessible than any time in aviation history. The GOAL of the Sport Pilot category opens up flying to millions of people around the world who’ve desired the freedom of flight.
- The Off-Road Market… Every year, more than a half million ATV’s are sold in the United States (according to a report from the US Forest Service), a yearly market which is double the market of all airplanes registered by the FAA.
Advantages of SkyRunner and Powered Parachutes
- The simplicity and ease of piloting SkyRunner is what adds too the joy and purest experience of flight.
- Angular design and sporty look aimed at adventure.
- Powered parachutes are considered one of the easiest and safest forms of flight to master. We have taken big steps to remove the intimidation from the cockpit. The idea is to make people feel comfortable, to design a space that’s familiar, not foreign. We want people to sit in SkyRunner and say to themselves, “I’ve got this!”
- Powered Parachutes have one of the most remarkable safety records in aviation. Due to their stability, stall resistance, air speed, glide ratio, and gentle response to control inputs… Powered Parachutes have been considered safer than most fixed-wing aircraft.
NO AIRPORTS REQUIRED & NO HANGAR NECESSARY
- The Last Mile… Most pilots fly from back yard strips, small airports, and mown hay fields
- Very low maintenance
NO GROUND CREW REQUIRED
- You can easily unpack, takeoff, land, and re-load all by yourself.
YEAR ROUND FLYING
- Weather permitting.
- Can be completed in days verses months
Where is SkyRunner, LLC headquartered?
Shreveport, LA. USA is the home of SkyRunner’s manufacturing, sales, research & development.
Why Shreveport, LA?
- North Louisiana ranks No. 1 Lowest Cost of Doing Business in the Nation
- Forbes named North Louisiana the most cost competitive place to do business in the United States.
- KPMG Competitive Alternatives recognized the region as the No.1 most cost competitive area in North America in 2008 and in 2010.
- Business Facilities magazine named North Louisiana No. 3 among Low Cost Manufacturing Centers. These rankings all point to the fact that North Louisiana offers a competitive cost structure.
A combination of factors provide a low cost of doing business in Louisiana
- The state effectively provides a zero corporate income tax environment for items produced in Louisiana and shipped out of state (single sales tax apportionment).
- As of July 2009, electricity, water, natural gas, machinery and equipment used by manufacturers are exempt from Louisiana sales tax .
- Louisiana has a low percentage of unionized workers (4.3 percent reported by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010), and the ratio of worker skill-to-pay favors businesses.
- Louisiana businesses have access to a competitive, comprehensive portfolio of state, local and federal incentives that can make a profound impact on a company’s bottom line.
04. The Aircraft
What is the construction of SkyRunner?
The airframe is manufactured of 4130 grade Chromoly steel. The 4130 grade of Chromoly is a high strength alloy, offering a much better strength-to-weight ratio than conventional steel.
How many passengers can SkyRunner carry?
According to FAA rules, an LSA is limited to two people, one pilot and one passenger.
What is the fuel capacity of SkyRunner?
16 US gallons.
What is the “useful load” of SkyRunner?
580 lb. (pilot + passenger + luggage + fuel) *
What instrumentation and avionics are included in the standard configuration?
The latest preliminary specification information can be found on our specifications page and we have taken great care to remove the intimidation from the cockpit. The idea is to make maximize the user experience; which requires making people feel comfortable. The design philosophy was to build a space that was familiar, not foreign. We want people to sit in SkyRunner and say, “I’ve got this!”
Are there provisions for adjusting the seating position?
Yes. SkyRunner was designed to accommodate pilots from the 50th percentile female to the 95th percentile male. This translates into people as short as 5′ 4″ and to as tall as 6′10″ fit comfortably in SkyRunner; however, the build and torso length of the individual can be a factor.
How does SkyRunner fly?
Pitch: The propeller provides thrust (up/down)
Roll: The steering lines provide (left/right).
Powered parachutes are considered one of the easiest and safest forms of flight to master. The simplicity and ease of piloting SkyRunner is what adds to the joy and purest experience of flight.
What does it feel like to fly SkyRunner?
It is the closest you will ever come to your childhood dreams of flying. Most aircraft can’t match the following competencies of a powered parachute:
- The EXPERIENCE
- Operational SIMPLICITY
- Cruise SPEED
- Low ALTITUDE safety of flight
Will SkyRunner be approved for IFR flight?
No plans exist at this time to offer an IFR-equipped model.
What is the expected glide ratio?
SkyRunner’s engine-out flight testing has shown that the glide ratio is approximately 5:1, similar to other aircraft of its size and weight. In an unlikely engine-out situation, SkyRunner will glide like a typical light airplane to allow the pilot to maneuver the aircraft.
05. Land & Air Operations
Must SkyRunner be flown from airports?
NO. SkyRunner is designed for adventure. As a powered parachute aircraft – it is removed from the requirement of airports.
Can SkyRunner be flown from regular airports?
YES. Flying into busier US airports requires an airspace endorsement by an FAA instructor, unless the pilot holds at least a Private Pilot License.
Can SkyRunner be flown from grass or unimproved strips?
YES. SkyRunner requires very little runway surface to operate from. SkyRunner can be flown from paved surfaces or relatively smooth grass or dirt. SkyRunner needs 600 feet to take off depending on conditions (air density, wind and obstacle to clear).
Do I have to keep SkyRunner at an airport?
NO. SkyRunner can be stored at your house or any other suitable location. Airports are not required for powered parachutes. Most pilots fly from back yard strips, pastures and mown hay fields.
Is SkyRunner street legal?
We do offer a “street-legal conversion kit” as an upgrade package – many states will allow off-road vehicles to be legally driven on the street with this kit. The process is going to vary from State to State and some States are much easier than others.
06. Power Plants
What type of fuel does SkyRunner take?
Automotive grade (93 octane) fuel, so it can be fueled at an automobile service station while on the trailer, at home with a gas can, at a boat marina, or at most airports. Automotive gasoline is generally less costly than leaded aviation fuel.
What engine(s) power SkyRunner?
- 1. Ground Mode: Polaris ProStar 1000 89-hp
- 2. Flight Mode: Rotax 115-hp or 160-hp
- Polaris ProStar 1000 [89 hp]
- 4-Stroke SOHC Twin Cylinder
- Transmission: Automatic CVT P/R/N/L/H; Shaft
- Drive System: High Performance, 2WD
- Displacement: 952cc
- Cooling: Liquid
- Fuel System: Electronic Fuel Injected
- Maximum Speed: 70+ mph (ground)
- Range: 240+ miles (ground)
- Rotax 912/914
- Fuel System: Dual Carburetors / Direct Port EFI for 160-hp
- Cooling: Liquid
- Displacement: 1211-cc/ 1352-cc
- Integrated reduction gear i = 2.43
- Maximum Speed: 4045 mph cruise speed
- Takeoff & Landing Distance: 600 ft
- Range: 120+ miles (air)
Is there a trailer available for SkyRunner?
YES. A trailer customized for transporting your SkyRunner will be available as an optional purchase. The unique trailer design ensures ease of loading and unloading.
How wide is the trailer?
16’ long 8’6” wide
Where can I store my SkyRunner?
SkyRunner can be stored at your home, in an oversized garage, or at a local storage facility. It does not have to be stored at an airport.
Can SkyRunner be shipped internationally?
YES. SkyRunner is designed to fit in most standard shipping containers. Upon arrival at destination, no assembly will be required. Gas it up, add your fluids and push the start button.
Do I need to be mechanically inclined?
NO. If you can change the spark plugs and change the fluids, you will be fine. You will only need an A&P or a certified mechanic to handle the major Rotax repairs and engine maintenance.
Don’t worry about scratching or damaging your body panels. Your vehicle was designed for adventure. New panels can easily be purchased and replaced.
What Makes the Powered Parachute So Stable?
The Pendulum Effect. A vehicle and its pilot suspended by an airfoil provide self-compensating stability. Powered Parachutes are often considered to be safer than normal fixed-wing aircraft because of the following:
- Inherent stability due to the pendulum effect.
- Gentle response to control inputs
- Resistance to stalls. SkyRunner’s weight produces thrust beyond the stall speed of 31 mph
Is it Safe?
There will always be inherent risks with aviation but…
- Powered parachutes are considered one of the Safest forms of recreational flying. Why? Because you’re flying your plan B (parachute) and unlike most aircraft, the engine isn’t a safety component of flight.
- Powered parachutes are arguably one of the Easiest flying vehicles so far invented.
Unlike other recreational vehicles, this one requires proper training before you can use it. A pilot has only TWO airborne controls:
- Pitch – is controlled by the throttle. [Altitude]
- Roll – is controlled by steering lines. [Turns left & right]
What kind of material is the parachute/wing made of and how long will it last?
The parachute/wing is made of very strong and durable sail material. It is called “zero porosity” rip stop nylon. The life expectancy is quite long and it will last several years with proper care.
Longevity of the Wing & Storage
Whenever the parachute/wing is not in use, keep it stored out of direct sunlight and free from moisture and mildew. Prolonged exposure to these conditions will weaken the material, shortening the useful life span of the parachute/wing. Lifespan is measured in UV (ultra-violet) hours and is normally 500-600 hours with proper care.
What winds can a Powered Parachute safely fly in?
PPC pilots should avoid flying in winds above 15 mph (13 kts). While SkyRunner has successfully and very comfortably flown in 25+ mph winds, they were stable winds. Watch out for gusting winds!
Can I fly in or over a National Park?
YES. The FAA has no restrictions on the air space over National Parks. It is; however, strongly recommended that you maintain 2000 AGL (above ground level) when over a National Park. Do not fly over hazardous areas like the Grand Canyon or mountains. The Park Service can technically ticket (and yell) at you for violating Noise & Disturbance laws, if you fly too low!
Will SkyRunner interfere with commercial airliners and private jets?
NO. The FAA requires Sport Pilots to be trained to understand, recognize, and stay clear of congested airspace. Secondly, the same air traffic control mechanisms apply to ensure adequate traffic separation, warning, and avoidance for fast, commercial, or jet operations in and around controlled airports.
Is 12 hours enough training to pilot a plane?
YES. For most, twelve hours is plenty of training (required by the FAA to obtain a Sport Pilot License for powered parachutes). Sport Pilots still get the required level of training needed for the conditions in which they’re allowed to fly: daytime, good weather, and in uncontrolled airspace. In fact, Sport Pilots are receiving training more specifically tailored for their recreational flying needs.
What happens when a Sport Pilot gets caught in bad weather?
This risk for Sport Pilots is the same for traditional Private Pilots who might also fly into weather without an instrument rating or instrument-equipped aircraft. All pilots (including Sport Pilots and Private Pilots) are trained in weather recognition and avoidance. The probability of this happening by accident is extremely low.
What is SkyRunner doing to insure safety?
Powered parachutes are often considered to be safer than normal fixed-wing aircraft because of their inherent stability, limited response to control inputs, and resistance to stalls. Many pilots consider PPC’s easier and safer to fly than most fixed wing aircraft, as it has no pitch control and therefore almost impossible to stall. Should the engine fail, the pilot would simply glide down into the nearest field or strip of sandy desert.
Can an in-flight music (MP3) feature be installed?
Audio devices are common in General Aviation. Leading headset manufacturers such as Bose have Bluetooth integration which allows pilots to listen to music when they fly. SkyRunner has integrated this system into the aircraft. For safety reasons, the system is engineered in a way to mute the external audio from the music device during any flight radio communications. When there is no radio chatter, the features allow the pilot and passenger to enjoy their experience with music of their choice.
Are all light sport aircraft designed to be easy to fly?
While the spirit of the FAA LSA regulations was to ensure all LSAs are simple and easy to fly, there are various degrees of predictable, safe, and docile flying characteristics. SkyRunner has placed high priority and emphasis on this during the development from day one.
What happens if I run out of gas or I have an engine failure while flying?
- Expect it to get very quiet… almost peaceful.
- Depending on the type of wing you’re flying and relative wind direction, you can expect a GLIDE RATIO of 5 : 1 (5 ft forward for every 1 ft you glide)
- With the engine off, you will still have full control of the aircraft and can make a safe landing.
Flying a powered parachute light-sport aircraft is an outdoor sport and Mother Nature is unpredictable — weather is always a big consideration. You must be willing to learn, use good judgment and have an appropriate attitude. The primary safety factors are as follows:
- Personal judgment
Altitude is like money in the bank. PPC’s have a competency that most aircraft don’t – the ability to fly low and slow. But altitude has its advantages… if anything goes wrong, a pilot flying near the ground has less time to assess and deal with the situation, and the chance of a mistake by the pilot resulting in consequences is greatly increased.
Will airworthiness directives (ADs) be issued for light sport aircraft?
AD’s are not required to be issued for LSA aircraft. However, mandatory service bulletins (SBs) (also SDs meaning Service Directives) will be issued for light sport aircraft and will be made available on the SkyRunner website.
* For SLSA, compliance with these bulletins is required.
** For ELSA, compliance is only recommended.
09. FAA Approval
What is the current status of SkyRunner flight testing?
In July of 2016 SkyRunner was granted S-LSA status by the FAA. March 6, 2017 SkyRunner was awarded several exemptions. Increasing
Will the SkyRunner be offered as a kit?
NO. SkyRunner will only be offered as an FAA-approved, ready-to-fly S-LSA.
Will SkyRunner offer an IFR-certified version?
SkyRunner has no plans to offer an IFR-certified version.
What’s involved in the FAA approval process?
The first few aircraft off the production line will be used to support the FAA approval process prior to the first customer delivery. Each subsequent production aircraft will be flight tested and inspected by an FAA representative to ensure that it complies with Airworthiness and ASTM requirements.
Will the production aircraft differ from the concept that SkyRunner displayed?
YES. As with most new aircraft, slight modifications will be necessary to improve the performance and ergonomics of the aircraft based on qualitative and quantitative data from flight tests and availability of optional components.
Will I have to renew my Sport Pilot certificate?
NO. You do not have to renew your Sport Pilot Certificate but a biennial flight review (check flight with a CFI every 2 years) is required to keep your rating current. To be able to fly with a passenger on board you also have to perform three take offs and landings every ninety days as per 14 CFR 61.57.
Will I have to register with the FAA?
YES. We will help you register your aircraft and you will be assigned an N number (tail number like you see on a conventional aircraft).
How do I purchase my SkyRunner?
- Secure your position in line with a deposit.
- Manufacturing Deposit (50%) is collected and construction begins.
- Aircraft purchase agreement.
- Final payment prior delivery.
If I placed an order today, what would my delivery date be?
Please contact a SkyRunner Sales Rep to discuss the next expected delivery dates (318) 219-5722.
What happens to my security deposit?
SkyRunner deposits are placed in an escrow account as outlined in Section 5.2 of the SkyRunner Deposit Agreement.
What options are available?
SkyRunner will offer a range of accessories. Please see the SkyRunner Specifications page for an option offering. www.flyskyrunner.com/build
Are customer demonstration flights available?
YES. We offer demonstration flights and off road demonstrations at our Shreveport, LA facility, Dallas, TX and other locations throughout the United States depending on our travel schedule.
Is it possible to Finance my Skyrunner purchase?
SkyRunner is in the process of working with name brand lending institutions as customer delivery dates approach. For more information, we recommend that you contact banks that cater to members of either the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) or Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association (AOPA).
Is Insurance available on the SkyRunner?
We offer assistance with turn-key OFF-ROAD & AVIATION insurance. Individual aircraft owners and pilots can secure affordable insurance in the same manner as any General Aviation plane or vehicle.
Where will I take delivery?
SkyRunner can be delivered to your home or business through one of our preferred shipping partners. Details will be stipulated in the SkyRunner purchase agreement at the time of production notice.
11. Service and Support
What type of warranty will be offered with SkyRunner?
SkyRunner offers a six month limited warranty on all components of your aircraft against defects in material or workmanship. The warranty includes parts and labor charges for repair or replacement of defective parts.
Will SkyRunner announce a product support organization?
YES. A complete customer support network to include authorized Service Centers is established and ongoing. We offer each customer a detailed listing of support specialists in their respective areas upon purchase.
Who may perform E-LSA maintenance?
FAA regulation Title 14 CFR 91.319 does not mandate that FAA certified mechanics maintain E-LSA, except for some special situations. Anyone can do maintenance on an E-LSA. If you want to do your own aircraft maintenance, this may be a very good reason to purchase an E-LSA. S-LSA can be transitioned to E-LSA if necessary, however, the aircraft would than not be able to be rented out or used for commercial training. If you are sufficiently mechanically adept you can – with training – do many of the maintenance and repairs yourself. You may find that you already have many all the tools necessary to do the job. If you are not comfortable with this type of work, you will need to consider how you will get this service and maintenance accomplished.
*SkyRunner will require an annual condition inspection performed by: i) an A&P mechanic; ii) a Light-Sport Repairman-Maintenance (LSRM); iii) or the owner as a Light-Sport Repairman-Inspection (LSRI).
Who may perform S-LSA maintenance?
Service may be performed by any mechanic who holds a Light Sport Repairman Certificate. It may also be performed by a Certified Airframe & Power-plant (A&P) Mechanic who has manufacturer authorization. A&P mechanics are available across the USA at most airports where airplane maintenance is currently offered. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_maintenance_technician
Can an owner perform maintenance on their own LSA?
YES, with the proper training. The FAA recognized the simple nature of Light Sport Aircraft and created a new certification program to train and license mechanics specifically for Light Sport Aircraft. Now, LSA owners can take an FAA mechanic training course and be certified in as little as three weeks. Owners can also be trained in weekend courses to do inspections called Annual Condition Inspection.
Does SkyRunner offer flight training?
We have a network of affiliated FAA approved Certified Flight Instructors “CFI’S” in various locations throughout the United States.
How long does Sport Pilot training take?
These are typical training days required with ideal weather conditions:
- Light Sport (LS): 7 days
- Light Sport Private Pilot: 8-10 days
13. International Operations
How can I determine if SkyRunner is approved in my country?
The status of LSA adoption around the world is difficult to monitor due to the various agencies involved. Many countries have already adopted, or are in the process of adopting, rules very similar to the U.S. LSA rules. SkyRunner, LLC recommends that you contact the aviation regulatory agency, or Civil Aviation Authority, in your country to determine the status of Light Sport Aircraft approval.
The LSA concept and category have quickly spread to Canada, Australia and other nations in order to harmonize regulatory framework for this category. Information obtained from FAA indicates that the National Aviation Authorities in the following countries have confirmed that they have adopted regulations, used ASTM LSA standards by reference in their airworthiness code or accepted LSA on the same basis of airworthiness as in the USA:
- United Arab Emirates
- New Zealand
- South Africa
- Saudi Arabia
In these countries significant growth in light aviation activity has been demonstrated and safety data shows that accident statistics are not significantly higher than with other categories. Further expansion of the LSA system is expected, and the National Aviation authorities of the following countries have indicated that they are considering adopting the LSA category:
Is SkyRunner accepting deposits from customers outside the U.S.?
YES. SkyRunner has begun shipping internationally. SkyRunner is a registered ITAR manufacturer.
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